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Cotmanhay Junior School

Safe, Happy Learning

Week 3 - 4 Money

National curriculum content


  • Add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts


Lesson objectives

  1. Pounds and pence
  2. Convert pounds and pence
  3. Add money
  4. Subtract money
  5. Find change


What we want children to know

  • Explore the £ and p symbol
  • Understand that both coins and notes are used to represent amounts in pounds
  • Know the value of each coin and note and understand what these values represent
  • Understand that money can be represented in different ways but still have the same value
  • Use knowledge that £1 is 100 pence to convert between pounds and pence
  • Use pictorial representations to add two amounts
  • Use a number line and a part-whole model to subtract and find change


What skills we want children to develop

Use knowledge to solve reasoning and problem solving questions such as:



I bought a book which cost between £9 and £10 and I paid with a ten pound note. My change was between 50p and £1 and was all in silver coins.

What price could I have paid?


Explain thinking

Sam and Tom share this money equally. Put the coins into two equal groups. Could three friends share the money equally?

Explain your reasoning.


Mathematical talk

  • Is the group with the most coins always the biggest amount? Why?
  • Can you find the total in a different way?
  • How many pennies are there in £1?
  • Can you group any of the coins to make a pound?
  • Do we need to exchange any pounds for pence?
  • What do we mean by ‘change’ in the context of money?