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Cotmanhay Junior School

Safe, Happy Learning

Year 6 Gymnastics and Fitness

Gymnastics

National curriculum content

  • Develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance.

 

Lesson objectives

  1. To show flexibility and technique when performing gymnastic elements.
  2. To travel fluently on the floor and on/off apparatus.
  3. To travel with confidence choosing different pathways.
  4. To create longer sequences.
  5. To show rhythm and creativity when working with others.
  6. To perform in front of an audience.

 

What we want children to know

  • Safety rules when using all apparatus and ensure they follow them at all times.
  • Children should only perform actions they are confident with and know how to perform with the correct technique in a safe environment.
  • A Sequence is a series of actions that are linked together.
  • How to link the actions together - smooth transitions between each action.
  • How to start with a clear beginning and end to each action in the sequence.
  • Identify strengths - what are the areas of the routine that work/are performed well? How can these be developed?
  • Identify areas that can be improved - what are the areas of the routine that can be improved/are not performed as well?
  • The order of the actions - can the flow be improved by changing the order?
  • Cooperation and teamwork will be required to successfully complete a task.
  • How actions will be performed - together, one after the other, in time with each other.
  • Mirroring - performing facing each other showing a mirror image of actions.
  • Cannoning - performing one after another. Upon the first child completing the action(s) the next child immediately starts their performance and so on.
  • Take on board the feedback and use it in the future to improve their gymnastics.

 

What skills we want children to develop

  • Explore, improvise and combine movement ideas fluently and effectively, using skills in different ways, performing confidently, with clarity and a sense of rhythm.
  • Perform movements accurately with a sense of rhythm.
  • Make up longer sequences and perform them with fluency and clarity of movement.
  • Develop own gymnastics sequences by understanding, choosing and applying a range of compositional principles; varying direction, level and pathways.
  • Develop flexibility, strength, control, technique and balance.
  • Use combinations of dynamics using the space effectively.

 

Vocabulary

Gymnastics, key shapes, balances, rolls, jumps, co-ordination, routine, travelling, apparatus, sequence, partners, teamwork

Fitness

National curriculum content

  • To develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance in the context of circuit training.
  • To compare their performances with previous ones.
  • Demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best.

 

Lesson objectives

  1. To develop lower body strength and fitness.
  2. To develop speed and aerobic endurance.
  3. To discuss what you find difficult and what you find easier.
  4. To understand how physical activity and exercise can improve mental wellbeing.
  5. To understand why core strength is important.
  6. Recognise and explain what went well in yours, and others, performances.

 

What we want children to know

  • Why lower body strength important.
  • What muscles are in the legs - calf muscles – gastrocnemius & soleus, shin muscle – tibialis anterior, front thigh muscles – quadriceps, back thigh muscle – hamstring, buttock muscles – gluteus maximus.
  • The difference between stamina and endurance.
  • Why warming up before physical activity important.
  • Why upper body strength important.
  • What muscles are in the upper body - Upper arm muscles – biceps and triceps, shoulder muscles – deltoid and trapezius, chest muscles – pectoral.
  • There are some mental benefits of exercise.
  • Why core strength is important.
  • What muscles are in your core.
  • What have you excelled in throughout this unit and what you want to continue to develop.

 

What skills we want children to develop

  • Beat the burpees
  • Circuit training
  • Squat jumps
  • High knees
  • Step back jacks
  • Spiderman climbers
  • Lunge jumps
  • The wall sit
  • Double speed bounce
  • High skip claps
  • Zombie kicks
  • Plank jacks
  • Press up
  • T-hold
  • Low squat punches
  • Jump rope
  • Fast uppercuts
  • Alternate roundhouse kicks
  • Reverse crunch
  • Russian twists
  • Abdominal stretches
  • Tuck jumps
  • Mountain climbers
  • Burpees

 

Vocabulary

body strength, muscles, flexibility, mobility, posture, biceps, triceps, deltoid, trapezius, pectoral,  stability, abdominals, obliques, gluteus maximus,  endurance, agility, effort, strength, repeat, rhythm, mental benefits, core strength, sprinting, horizontal, shin, gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis anterior, quadriceps, hamstring

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