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Cotmanhay Junior School

Safe, Happy Learning

Year 4 Gymnastics and fitness


National curriculum content

  • Develop flexibility, strength, technique, control, and balance.
  • Perform dances using a range of movement patterns.


Lesson objectives

  1. To perform 9 key shapes.
  2. To travel using different body parts.
  3. To travel on different levels at different speeds.
  4. To create sequences of movements, shapes, balances and rolls.
  5. To work with others mirroring and canoeing.
  6. To perform in front of others.


What we want children to know

  • The 9 Key Shapes for gymnastics are Straight, Star, Tuck, Dish, Arch, Pike, Straddle, Front Support and Back Support.
  • Perform the shapes with control and quality- where appropriate fingers and toes pointed; upright torso; head held high.
  • Travelling is moving from one point to another and is an important element in gymnastics.
  • How different body parts can be used to create different travelling actions.
  • The use of speed when travelling to create interesting travelling actions.
  • Level - use different heights (high, middle, low) to create interesting travelling actions.
  • Pathways - use different pathways (e.g. L, U, zigzag) to create interesting travelling actions.
  • Direction-use different directions of travel (forwards, backwards, sideways).
  • Head up - allows you to look where you are going and move safely.
  • Gymnastics should be performed with good posture and body control.
  • A Sequence is a series of actions that are linked together - they can include any type of actions e.g. balances, shapes, travelling, jumps, rolls.
  • A sequence can link different types of actions (e.g. 1 shape, 1 way of travelling, 1 balance) or a number of the same type of action (e.g. 3 different balances).
  • The sequence is made up of the correct actions that show a clear beginning and end to each action in the sequence.
  • How to link the actions together - smooth transitions between each action.
  • Mirroring - performing facing each other showing a mirror image of actions.
  • Cannoning - performing one after another. 


What skills we want children to develop

  • Describe how your body feels when exercising.
  • Recognise and explain a good performance.
  • Perform a range of actions, agilities and skills with consistency, fluency, and clarity of movement.
  • Experiment with a wide range of actions, varying and combining spatial patterns, speed, tension, and continuity when working with a partner and in a group.
  • Create gymnastic sequences that meet a theme or set of conditions, showing a clear, beginning, middle and end.
  • Create, perform, and repeat a combination of actions that include changes of dynamic e.g. changes of level, speed and direction, and clarity of shape.
  • Develop flexibility, strength, control, technique, and balance.
  • Find different ways of using a shape, balance, or travel, and link them to make actions and sequences of movement.



Gymnastics, rolls, routing, sequence, key shapes, jumps, travelling, partners, balances, co-ordination, apparatus, teamwork



National curriculum content.

  • To develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance in the context of circuit training.
  • To compare their performances with previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best.


Lesson objectives

  1. Understand what aerobic exercise is and develop speed and aerobic endurance.
  2. Develop upper body strength and fitness.
  3. Improve balance and body coordination when moving in combination.
  4. Understand and develop core strength.
  5. Identify parts of the body we are working during exercises.


What we want children to know

  • What an aerobic exercise is.
  • Why aerobic exercise is important.
  • Why upper body strength is important and which muscles it involves.
  • What body co-ordination is.
  • How we can live healthier and more active lifestyles.
  • What core strength is.
  • When completing core strength activities you should:

- Keep the core tight and engaged

-   Focus on control over speed

-   Concentrate on a good breathing pattern

  • What muscles are worked in different exercises.


What skills we want children to develop

  • Star jumps
  • On the spot sprints
  • Speed bounce
  • Hot steps
  • Knee raises
  • Spotty dogs
  • Box press up
  • Crab punch
  • Inch worm
  • Arm scissors
  • Triceps dips
  • Step up and punch
  • Kick outs
  • Ladders
  • Running punches
  • Footwork sprints
  • Crunch and punch
  • Toe touches
  • The plank
  • Bicycle crunches
  • Flutter kicks
  • Heel taps
  • Overhead reach
  • Mountain climbers
  • Bench bounces
  • Crab walk
  • Swimming
  • Windmill
  • Squat to shoulder press



Aerobic, endurance, upper body, coordination, core strength