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Cotmanhay Junior School

Safe, Happy Learning

Food and our bodies

National curriculum content

  • Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amounts of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat.
  • Identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.


Lesson objectives

  1. Explain what humans and other animals need to live
  2. Name some body parts and bones
  3. Explain why we have a skeleton
  4. Know what a vertebrate, an invertebrate and an exoskeleton is
  5. Know that muscles are needed to make bones move


What we want children to know

  • Humans and other animals need to find and eat food because they cannot make their own.
  • Suggest which food is eaten by different animals and why.
  • Recognise food groups and classify according to those groups.
  • Name, position and explain the function of some bones.
  • Why humans have skeletons.
  • The difference between animals that are vertebrates and invertebrates.
  • Where there are different muscles in the body.
  • Demonstrate and describe what happens to the muscle when they move their arm.


What skills we want children to develop

  • Use a grid to record data and draw conclusions
  • Classify some vertebrates and invertebrates
  • Record findings using simple scientific language
  • Report and present findings from enquiries
  • Classify food into the different food groups



balanced diet, biceps, carbohydrates, contract, relax, exoskeleton, fats, femur, humerus, joint, muscle, nutrients, protein, skeleton, triceps, vertebrates