Y4 Explanation Text – Electricity (non-fiction)
National curriculum content
- Discussing writing similar to that which they are planning to write in order to understand and learn from its structure, vocabulary and grammar.
- Composing and rehearsing sentences orally (including dialogue), progressively building a varied and rich vocabulary and an increasing range of sentence structures.
- Organising paragraphs around a theme.
- Assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing and suggesting improvements.
- Proposing changes to grammar and vocabulary to improve consistency, including the accurate use of pronouns in sentences.
- Proofread for spelling and punctuation errors.
- Read their own writing aloud to a group or the whole class, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.
- Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand how to add them.
- Spell further homophones.
- Spell words that are often misspelt.
- Use the first 2 or 3 letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary.
- To show interest in the model text.
- To understand the vocabulary in the text.
- To recognise key features in the text.
- To teach the structure and box up.
- To use effective adjectives for description.
- To use different sentence lengths for effect.
- To use idioms for interesting description.
- To generate ideas for the shared write.
- To create a shared write.
- To create own shared write using boxing up.
- To generate ideas for an independent write.
- To box up for an independent write.
- To write independently.
What we want children to know and the skills necessary to achieve this:
- Complex and Compound sentences
- Long sentences to enhance description or information
- Adverbial phrases of how (manner)
- Causal conjunctions
- Technical vocabulary
Grammar and Punctuation Vocabulary
Adverbial phrases, comma, sentences of three, ellipsis, powerful verbs, compound sentences, complex sentences, subordinating conjunctions, apostrophes, singular and plural
Electricity, comfortable, entertained, generators, solar, converted, consequently, conductors, insulators, filament, electrocution, appliances