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Cotmanhay Junior School

Safe, Happy Learning

Explanation text

Y5 Explanation Text – How can you defend yourself against an alien invasion?


National curriculum content

  • To include narratives, explanations, descriptions, comparisons, summaries and evaluations: such writing supports them in rehearsing, understanding and consolidating what they have heard or read.
  • To explain their understanding of a text, and to prepare ideas before they write.
  • To understand and use the conventions for discussion and debate.
  • To apply growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes.
  • To use relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (i.e. omitted) relative pronoun.
  • To indicate degrees of possibility using adverbs [for example, perhaps, surely] or modal verbs [for example, might, should, will, must].


Lesson objectives

  • To read and internalise the model text.
  • To create a text map of the model text.
  • To use reading comprehension strategies to understand the text.
  • To understand the organisation of an explanation text.
  • To understand vocabulary and definitions.
  • To recognise key text features.
  • To use new grammatical features in a short burst write.
  • To contribute to a shared write.
  • To innovate the model text with my ideas.
  • To write independently using the skills taught.


What we want children to know and the skills necessary to achieve this:

  • To use present tense.
  • To use adverbials, short sentences and punctuation to engage the reader.
  • To use suffixes.
  • To use complex sentences.
  • To use relative clauses.
  • To use long sentences. 


Grammar and Punctuation Vocabulary

Adding and reinforcing present tense verbs, relative clauses, adverbials, adverbial phrase, complex sentences and suffixes.


Topic Vocabulary

Night-time, stars, alien, galactic, rocket launcher, plasma, missiles, orbiting, light-speed, planet, solar system