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Cotmanhay Junior School

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Evolution and inheritance

Evolution and inheritance


National curriculum content

  • Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago
  • Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents
  • Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution


Lesson objectives

LO1: Identify how plants have adapted to their environment.

LO2: Identify how animals have adapted to their environment.

LO3: Explain how adaptations may lead to evolution.

LO4: Explain how adaptations may lead to evolution (Darwin).

LO5: Describe how some features can be inherited.

LO6: Recognise how living things have changed over time.


What we want children to know

  • How characteristics are passed form parents to their offspring
  • Some evolutionary changes can be quick
  • How variation over time makes animals less or more likely to survive
  • The importance of Mary Anning and Charles Darwin and their ideas of evolution


What skills we want children to develop

  • Develop an understanding of how life on Earth began and continued to evolve over time
  • Highlight which traits have been inherited
  • Name some ways in which species have evolved in order to survive
  • Use Darwinian theory to describe changes in living things



Adaptation, dinosaur, evolution, fossil, inheritance, inherited, natural selection, prehistoric, trait, variety