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Cotmanhay Junior School

Safe, Happy Learning

Circulatory system and healthy lifestyle

National curriculum content

  • Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.
  • Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.
  • Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.


Lesson objectives

  1. Explain what we know about the circulatory system.
  2. Demonstrate how the circulatory system works.
  3. Describe the effect exercise has on our bodies.
  4. Describe the effect exercise has on our bodies.
  5. Explain how diet, drugs and lifestyle effects how our body functions.
  6. Conclude how science has helped a healthier lifestyle.


What we want children to know

  • The difference between oxygenated and deoxygenated blood.
  • How the circulatory system works together to keep us alive.
  • How the body distributes nutrients to where they are needed.
  • Why our heart beats faster and our breathing gets heavier after exercise.


What skills we want children to develop

  • An understanding of the benefits of a healthy, balanced diet on the body.
  • An understanding of the impact of drugs and alcohol on the body.
  • How to find the pulse and use this to calculate heart rate (bpm).
  • Describe the parts of the circulatory system and how they work together.



Addiction, aorta, artery, atrium, capillaries, circulatory system, deoxygenated, exercise, nicotine, oxygenated, pulse, respiration, vein, ventricles.